The 3rd year of the Elearning Englishspoken Electronics and Optics elearning for Embedded Systems course comprises 14 TUs and 3 Update Units.
The following list presents a description of each TU and the name and contact of the TU coordinator.
TU01  ICT  Introduction to Virtual Learning environment
TU Coordinator  Abdelhalim Benachenhou (University of Mostaganem)
Coordinator contact  benachenhou_a@yahoo.fr
TU Objectives
The objective of this teaching unit is to prepare students to make the best use of digital tools in order to be able to follow distance learning
TU Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of internet from a user's point of view
TU ECTS credits: 3
TU Content:
 Work in a digital environment
 Install an Internet browser
 Install plugins (flashplayer, ...)
 Login to the platform, and update its profile
 Use the tools of the platform (forum, chat, virtual classroom, deposit of homework)
 Use the collaboration tools, webmail, instant messaging, ....
 Draft a document
 Structure and format a document
 Write mathematical equations
 Draw simple diagrams
 Draw electronic circuits
 Use a spreadsheet
 Basic uses of a spreadsheet
 Advanced calculation in a spreadsheet (using matrices, iterative calculation)
 Using the solver
 Working in group
 Use the features of document versions
 Write in an online document
 Organizing appointments
Acquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students should know how to make the best use of digital tools in order to be able to follow distance learning courses
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to follow distance learning courses
TU02  Mathematical and Analysis tools for physics 1
TU Coordinator  Claire Darraud (University of Limoges)
Coordinator contact  claire.darraud@xlim.fr
TU Objectives
The objective of this technical unit is to have the necessary skills for the development of mathematical tools in physics especially in electronics and optics
Mathematics is an objective way of reasoning about relationships and quantities and this is important to Physics
TU Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of mathematics
TU ECTS credits: 4
TU Content:
 Differential geometry and linear algebra
 Systems of coordinates and transformations among them
 Vector fields
 Partial derivations and differentiation of functions
 Volume and surface differential elements for integration
 Definition of flow and circulation of a vector field
 Integral theorems (divergence theorem and Stokes Theorem)
 Matrices and operators, linear systems solving (Kramer, inverse matrix, Gauss method...)
 Analysis
 Differential Equations solving (2nd order, linear with constant coefficients and second member)
 Convolution
 Mathematics transforms (Laplace (including differential equations and integral equations solving), Fourier (links with simple diffraction systems)
Acquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students should know how use mathematical tools in Physics, particularly in Electronics and Optics
AcquiredAcquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to apply the mathematical tools in the field of Electronics and Optics
TU03  Communication techniques in English
TU Coordinator  Monji Kherrallah (University of Sfax)
Coordinator contact  monji.kherallah@gmail.com
TU Objectives
At the end of this Unit, the student will be able to:
 understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in their field of specialization
 interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party
 produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options
TU Prerequisites
None
TU ECTS credits: 3
TU Content:
 Cultural Diversity and Socializing
 small talk and socializing
 English conversations in career and daily life
 using the telephone
 Presentations, Meetings and Negotiations
 presentations
 meetings
 negotiation
 The World of Work
 looking for a job
 workplace communication
 away on Business
 Practicl works
TU04  Analog electronics for embedded systems
TU Coordinator  Mohamed Ankrim (University Cadi Ayad of Marrakech)
Coordinator contact  ankrim@uca.ma
TU Objectives
The aims of this course are to give students basic knowledge of analog and digital electronics.
The design and analysis of amplifiers both in time and frequency domains, operational amplifier and filtering are covered. After taking this course, student should have tools to be able to analyze and design electronic circuits for signal detection and processing.
TU Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of:
 electrical network laws and theorems
 alternative current  electromagnetism
 basic mathematics
 junction diode modeling and application circuits
TU ECTS credits: 4
TU Content:
 The semiconductor
 introduction to semiconductors:
 semiconductor basics
 Ntype semiconductor
 Ptype semiconductor
 electrical conduction in semiconductors
 PN junction
 Junction transistors
 bipolar junction transistor application:
 bias circuits
 mathematical modeling of temperature effect
 common emitter transistor temperature stability
 BJT current source
 Field Effect Transistor  FET:
 device Structure and Physical Operation
 JFET types
 output characteristics
 IDVGS characteristics
 JFET bias circuits
 BJT and JFET as a switch:
 cut off conditions
 transistor switch in saturation
 analysis of cutoff and saturation regions
 Low frequency, small signal, based transistor amplifiers
 bipolar Junction transistor:
 ideal amplifier characteristics
 transistor smallsignal model
 input characteristic
 output characteristic in active mode
 commonemitter with resistance to ground amplifier
 static and dynamic analysis
 output impedance (Early effect)
 dynamic load line and output dynamic
 output impedance (with load)
 commoncollector amplifier
 field Effect Transistor FET and Nchannel FET small signal model:
 linear area vs saturation area
 common source amplifier
 Amplifiers frequency response
 very low frequency response
 effect of input ACcoupling capacitance
 effect of input and output ACcoupling capacitances
 effect of emitter decoupling capacitance
 high frequency response
 highfrequency dynamic model
 internal transconductance
 input resistance, feedback resistance
 output admittance or resistance
 current gain study
 stage coupling
 objectives
 capacitive coupling & multistage amplifier
 darlington amplifier
 direct coupling
 cascode amplifier
 differential amplifier
 basic over view power audio amplifier
 transformercoupled audio power amplifier
 push pull amplifier
 class A, B and AB amplifiers operation
 Operational amplifier and filtering applications
 real OpAmp
 definition
 characteristic
 structure of OpAmp
 static study
 offset error voltage and current
 bias circuit
 dynamic study
 voltage gain
 input impedance
 output impedance
 application
 constantgain multiplier
 voltage summing
 voltage buffer
 controller sources
 active filtering
 secondorder filters
 single feedback filters, multiple feedback filters (Rauch structure)
 controlled source and single feedback filters (SallenKey structure)
 Feedback amplifiers
 classification of amplifiers
 feedback concept
 the transfer gain with feedback
 general characteristics of negative feedback amplifiers
 input and output resistances
 examples
 sinusoidal oscillators
 Practical Works
 PW 1
 bipolar Junction application
 current voltage vharacteristics and bias circuits
 transistor as switch
 current source
 PW 2
 commonemitter amplifier
 with and without resistance to ground amplifier
 commoncollector amplifier
 realization of a voltage amplifier suitable (FET)
 multistage CE amplifier (SPICE and implementation)
 PW 3
 operational amplifier and applications
 measuring the voltage and current offset, and common mode error
 differentiator, integrator, subtractor, weighted adder
 voltage regulator
 gyrateur
 PW 4
 feedback and oscillators
 with resistance to ground amplifier feedback study
 RC feedback, Wien bridge oscillators
Acquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students should know:
 how to analyse and use a Bode diagram
 the distinction between signal diode and rectifier diode
 how to use and calculate circuits comprising diodes
 bias circuits based on bipolar junction transistor and field effect transistor
 how to design and analysis of amplifiers both in temporal, frequency domains
 to analyse multistage amplifiers
 the difference between a transistor amplifier and an operational amplifier
 the concepts of feedback and stability
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able:
 to calculate an electric circuit
 to recognize a power supply circuit and a DC filtering circuit
 to identify a transistor amplifier circuit
 to realize the mounting base with a single operational amplifier
 to study and calculate a active filters
 to implement a sinusoidal oscillator
TU05  Digital electronics for embedded systems
TU Coordinator  Manuel Gericota (Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto)
Coordinator contact  mgg@isep.ipp.pt
TU Objectives
The aim of this course is to give students basic knowledge of digital electronics.
After taking this course, students should be able to use the appropriate tools to analyze a problem and to design and develop an electronic digital circuit to solve it using a hardware description language.
Concepts and terminology are presented and a variety of topics are covered including Boolean algebra, basic gates, combinational circuits, arithmetic circuits, flipflops, registers, counters, and finite state machines (sequential circuits).
TU Prerequisites
None
TU ECTS credits: 4
TU Content:
 Introduction to Digital Systems
 numbers and symbols
 systems of numeration
 decimal versus binary numeration
 octal and hexadecimal numeration
 binary, octal and hexadecimal to decimal conversion
 conversion from decimal numeration
 boolean algebra
 boolean arithmetic
 boolean algebraic identities
 boolean algebraic properties
 boolean rules for simplication
 the ExclusiveOR function
 DeMorgan's theoremsconverting truth tables into boolean expressions
 logic Gates
 digital signals and elementary gates
 logic signal voltage levels
 boolean functions with VHDL
 Combinational Logic Design and Regular Sequential Circuits
 arithmetic functions
 adders
 binary adders
 two's complement
 binary subtraction
 digital comparator
 encoders and decoders
 multiplexers
 priority encoders
 parity checkers
 Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU)
 latches
 flipflops
 shift registers, ring counter
 Sequential Logic Design and Finite State Machines
 state diagrams and ASM charts
 clocking and timing diagrams
 Moore and Mealy Finite State Machines (FSM)
 state machines in VHDL
 Complex Sequential Systems
 Finite State Machines with Datapath (FSMD)
 linked state machines
 Practical Works
 introduction to design tools
 implementation of combinational logic using VHDL and test benches
 state machine implementation using VHDL
 finite State Machines with Datapath using VHDL
AcquiredAcquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students should know to
 recognize different types of number systems;
 identify and define number, base/radix, positional notation and most and least significant digits and their relation with decimal, octal, hexadecimal;
 identify the following logic circuit gates and interpret and solve the associated truth tables: AND, OR, Inverters (NOT circuits), NAND, NOR, XOR;
 recognize the laws, theorems, and purposes of Boolean algebra;
 identify multiplexers, encoders, decoders, counters, registers, and clock circuits;
 identify the types of latches and flipflops used in digital equipment and their functionality;
 identify the different types of Finite State Machines;
 identify the structure of a VHDL module: entities and architectures;
 identify the basic VHDL statements and constructs.
AcquiredAcquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to
 perform conversion operations, basic mathematical and logic operations with different number systems;
 determine the output expressions of logic gates in combination;
 identify general logic states and logic levels;
 describe the functionality of an algorithm using a state diagram;
 implement and simulate VHDL modules;
 implement combinational circuits using VHDL;
 codify simple algorithms in VHDL;
 implement Finite State Machines in VHDL.
TU06  Wave and propagation for embedded system
TU Coordinator  Nora Aknin (University Abdelmalek Essaâdi of Tetouan)
Coordinator contact  aknin@uae.ma
TU Objectives
The objective of this technical unit is to lead students to
 understand how to formulate Maxwell's laws in the presence of simple materials and solve problems involving them;
 demonstrate understanding of the properties of plane electromagnetic waves in a vacuum, in simple media and to be able to derive these properties from Maxwell's equations;
 solve the propagation equations in lossy medium;
 evaluate the performances of transmissions Medias and waveguides by determining their characteristics.
TU Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of mathematical tools (Vector analysis, integral theorems, Differential Equations solving, complex numbers)
Basic knowledge of Electric field (Electrical field: Coulombs Law, Gauss law Electrostatic field, Electrostatic Potential, Current density vector, Electrical field in Materials)
Basic knowledge of Magnetic field (Biot & Savart law, Laplace force, Ampere's law, Magnetic induction: Faraday's law, Lenz's law)
Derivation of Maxwell's equations from the empirical laws of electromagnetism
TU ECTS credits: 6
TU Content:
 Maxwell's Equations
 Fields in media and boundary conditions
 field at a general material interface
 field at a dielectric interface
 field at a electric wall
 the magnetic wall boundary conditions
 electromagnetic spectrum
 The wave equation
 the Helmholtz equation
 plane wave in a lossless medium
 plane wave in a lossy medium
 plane wave in a good conductor
 general plane wave solutions
 plane wave reflection from a media interface
 Transmission lines
 the lumpedelement circuit model for a transmission line
 transmission line parameters
 the telegrapher equations
 the terminated lossless transmission line
 the Smith chart
 lossy transmission lines
 Waveguides
 general solutions for TEM, TE and TM waves
 parallel plate waveguide
 rectangular waveguide
 circular waveguide
 coaxical line
 stripline and microstrip
 Impedance matching and tuning
 matching with limped elements
 tuning with simple stub and double stub
 the QuarterWave transformer
 Practical works
 periodic boundary condition (demonstrates the effect of applying periodic boundary condition, which forces the field potential to be the same on opposite sides of the model)
 analysis of a RG58 cable (propagation velocity and losses)
 analysis of a Picells line part1 (reflection extremities by changing termination loads) in time domain
 analysis of a Picells line part 2 (phase and group velocity)
 analysis of a Slotted Line (measurement of SWR, λg) at a particular frequency
TU07  Power electronics for embedded systems
TU Coordinator  Abdessamad Malaoui (University Sultan Moulay Slimane of Beni Mellal)
Coordinator contact  a.malaoui@usms.ma
TU Objectives
The objective of this technical unit is to give students knowhow to:
 analyze and design power electronics converters and switching power supply
 apply the embedded systems to control power electronics
TU Prerequisites
Electrical network laws and theorems, alternate current, transient response of first order and second order circuits, electromagnetism, mathematical tools (Laplace, Fourier).
TU ECTS credits: 6
TU Content:
 Power semiconductor devices
 power diodes
 diac, triac
 power transistors
 thyristors
 applications
 Controlled rectifiers
 topologies
 performance parameters
 rectifier types
 study of 1phase halfwave rectifier
 application with embedded systems
 DCDC converters
 introduction
 different classes of converters
 study of BuckBoost converter
 switching mode power supply
 control with embedded systems
 ACAC/DCAC converters
 types of AC voltage controllers
 study of 3Phase AC voltage controllers
 inverters and pulse width modulation
 applications: embedded systems control
 Practical works
 choppers
 rectifiers
 DCDC converters
 study of inverters
Acquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students should know how to master the operations and characteristics of different families in power electronics and their performance parameters
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to:
 analyze and design power electronics converters and switching power supplies
 apply the embedded systems to control power electronics
TU08  Business Communication Techniques in English
TU Coordinator  Monji Kherrallah (University of Sfax)
Coordinator contact  monji.kherallah@gmail.com
TU Objectives
At the end of this Unit, the student must reach the level B2 according to CLES. Consequently, he/she will be able to:
 understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialization
 interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party
 produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options
TU Prerequisites
Level B1 according to the CLES means that student:
 can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc...
 can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken
 can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest
 can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans
TU ECTS credits: 3
TU Content:
 Workplace profile, equipment and relations
 a tour in the workplace  showing a visitor around
 planning
 presenting
 defining
 describing
 talking about the company
 location
 size
 capacity
 materials
 explaining a process
 sequencing
 organizing
 outlining

tools and equipment
 making progress
 evaluating
 feasibility
 alternatives
 project planning
 making plans
 predictions
 certainty
 uncertainty
 suppliers and subcontractors
 Legal documents
 contracts
 warranties
 guarantees
 insurance
 Personnel
 task assignment
 giving instructions
 placing orders
 requesting information
 delivery
 shipment
 Incompany problems, maintenance and troubleshooting
 buildings and installations
 project planning
 making plans
 predictions
 certainty
 uncertainty
 making progress
 evaluating
 feasibility
 alternatives
 maintenance and preventive maintenance
 expressing worries and concerns
 precautions
 regular services
 repairs
 redesigns
 routines
 common problems
 diagnosing faults
 giving advice
 recommendations
 troubleshooting
 A personal problem
 reporting problems, causes and effects
 an electrical problem
 discussing option solutions to technical problems
 a mechanical problem
 providing technical explanation and solutions
 Quality, safety and environmental issues
 quality management and control
 quality concerns
 monitoring and control
 tests
 experiments
 results
 benchmarking
 comparing and contrasting
 qualifying
 reverse engineering
 describing technical processes
 hazards
 expressing obligation
 warnings
 regulations
 standards
 machine safety
 requests
 advice
 instructions
 notices
 the evacuation procedure
 describing a process
 procedures
 first aid kits
 demonstrate the principles of CPR
 health and environmental matters
 waste disposal
 defending a decision
 defending an opinion
 agreeing
 disagreeing
 ecofriendly products
 describing advantages and disadvantages
 consumer satisfaction
 Practical works
TU09  Mathematical and Analysis tools for physics 2
TU Coordinator  Philipe Di Bin (University of Limoges)
Coordinator contact  dibin@xlim.fr
TU Objectives
At the end of this unit student will be able to:
 describe and calculate the properties of random signals
 implement numerical methods for solving usual mathematical problems in electronics and optics
TU Prerequisites
Successful conclusion of TU02 + basic knowledge of:
 integrals and derivatives
 Matlab (initiation)
TU ECTS credits: 3
TU Content:
 Probabilities and random signals
 The first chapter deals with probabilities applied to random signals in introduction to signal processing of random signals and noise.
 The definitions and properties of real random variables and probability calculations are presented. The transformation of real random variables such as multiplication and sums are detailed in order to calculate the properties of the obtained variables. A particular focus is made on the description of the Gaussian random variable, its use in noise description and the probabilities calculations.
 Tools for the numerical analysis
 All classical methods of numerical analysis are discussed such as:
 the derivation (First & second order)
 the linear equation solving (dichotomy, Newton, successive approximation)
 the integration methods (Trapeze, Simpson, Gauss Legendre)
 the interpolation and approximation methods (Lagrange, Spline cubic, polynomial approximation and exponential regression)
 the resolution of the differential equations (Euler, RungeKutta 2 & 4 order, Adams)
 All equations are demonstrated and operating procedures exposed through exercises and practical work thanks to the use of software and numerical tools online developed in AJAX or Java or with Matlab software on a Windows server.
 Practical works
 derivation
 linear equation solving (dichotomy, Newton etc.)
 integration (Simpson and Gauss Legendre)
 interpolation and approximation (Lagrange, Spline cubic)
 differential equation solving
 gauss pivot for system equation solving
Acquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students would know:
 probabilities and their applications to the description and the processing of random signals (noise) such as the ones finds in electronics and optics
 numerical methods for the numerical calculation and the resolution of mathematical expressions
 application to derivative and integral calculation
 application to differential equations resolution
 programing in Java and Matlab languages
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to perform:
 mathematical description and processing of noise signals
 numerical calculations
 implementation of numerical methods in Java and Matlab languages
TU10  Signal Processing
TU11  Instrumentation
TU Coordinator  Abdelouhab Zeroual (University Cadi Ayad of Marrakech)
Coordinator contact  zeroual@uca.ma
TU Objectives
This TU aims to provide a basic understanding of measurement systems and to introduce the students to many varieties of sensors and transducers available, their operating principles, strengths and weaknesses. By the end of this course the students will be able to:
 understand the principles of operation of commonly used sensors, transducers, and instruments
 gain experience in interpreting technical specifications and selecting sensors and transducers for a given application
 understand terminologies associated with instrumentation systems (e.g., range, sensitivity, dynamic response, calibration, error, accuracy, precision, data uncertainty
 design and analyze sensor circuits and estimate signal to noise ratios
 design an appropriate interface circuit for a sensor with given characteristics
TU Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of:
 electrical circuits in continuous and variable time
 electronics (analog, digital)
TU ECTS credits: 4
TU Content:
 Fundamental basic instrumentation
 measurements devices
 cables and connectors
 digital power supplies
 digital oscilloscopes
 data acquisition chain
 role and constitution of the chain
 conditions imposed at the measurement chain
 parasites
 metrological features
 static characteristics
 uncertainty of a device
 dynamic characteristics
 estimation of measurement uncertainty due to a device
 Sensors
 principles
 general
 fundamentals
 definitions and general characteristics
 active sensors
 passive sensors (resistive, inductive, capacitive)
 study of some sensors and transducers
 temperature sensors
 position, displacement, and speed sensors
 force and pressure sensors
 vibration and acceleration sensors
 proximity and presence sensors
 electrooptical sensors
 flow and flowrate, liquidlevel and humidity sensors
 Conditioners
 conditioner of current sensor
 conditioner of resistive sensor
 conditioners of reactive sensors
 Data acquisition
 multiplexing
 sampling rate
 analogtodigital and digitaltoanalog converters
 Practical works
 measurement devices
 temperature and liquid level sensors
 optical sensors
 conveyor beltproximity sensorspneumatic part dispenser or speed control of dc motor using pulsewidth modulation
Acquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students should know:
 the measurement basic instrumentation (measurement devices, data acquisition system, metrological features)
 the technical specifications and how to selec sensors and transducers for a given application
 the terminologies associated with instrumentation systems (e.g., range, sensitivity, dynamic response, calibration, error, accuracy, precision, data uncertainty)
 the conditioners of some sensors (current sensors, resistive, active)
 data sampling, multiplexing and conversion A/D & D/A
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to:
 interpret technical specifications and select sensors and transducers for a given application
 design and analyze sensor circuits and estimate signal to noise ratios
TU12  Optics for embedded systems
TU Coordinator  Raphael Jamier (University of Limoges)
Coordinator contact  raphael.jamier@xlim.fr
TU Objectives
At the end of this unit student should have knowledge of:
 wave optics (interferometry, beam diffraction)
 guidance in conventional optical fibers
 characteristics of LED and laser diodes
 characteristics of Gaussian beam
 characteristics of photo detectors
Moreover, they must be able to:
 analyze problems and perform and interpret calculations within the area of knowledge
 apply the experimental methods presented in the course
 write a wellstructured report in which experimental data are presented and analyzed
 search for and use relevant information within the area of knowledge
TU Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of:
 geometrical optics (optical rays, refractive index, Fermat principle, thin lenses, SnellDescartes laws)
 electromagnetism (plane and spherical waves in homogeneous dielectrics)
 mathematical tools (integral, complex numbers)
 quantum mechanics (particle/wave duality)
TU ECTS credits: 6
TU Content:
 Basic principles on interferometry
 two plane waves interference
 amplitude division
 intensity patterns
 examples of interferometers
 Michelson
 MachZehnder
 Sagnac
 Free space propagation
 beam diffraction
 Huygens principle
 FresnelHuygens integral
 Gaussian beam (definition, characteristics)
 Guided optics / geometrical approach in optical fibers
 stepindex profile
 ray propagation
 effective index
 numerical aperture
 coupling light into an optical fiber (method, conditions)
 modal dispersion
 gradedindex profile
 ray propagation
 effective index
 numerical aperture
 coupling light into an optical fiber (method, conditions)
 modal dispersion
 Link budget / power budget
 beer law
 dB / dBm
 optical density
 Light sources (LED / Laser Diode)
 energy levels / concept of photon / wavelength
 absorption / spontaneous emission
 choice of the material
 emission spectrum / spectral characteristics
 brilliance
 optoelectronics properties (Permitted = f(I)) / efficiency
 power modulation
 electrical / optical efficiency
 temporal characteristics
 spatial characteristics (singlemode / multimode)
 peak power / average power / energy
 fabryperot cavity (resonance condition)
 Photodetector (PIN photodiode)
 PIN junction
 choice of the material
 quantum efficiency
 sensitivity
 optoelectronics properties
 polarization method
 photovoltaic mode
 photoconductive mode
 Practical works
 three kinds of practical classes will be based on a simulation software: 7hours associated to the first, second and fourth topics presented above
 study of a laser diode (based on an experimental setup): 2,5h associated to the sixth topic presented above
 study of a PIN photo detector (based on experimental setup): 2,5h associated to the sixth topic presented above
Acquired knowledge
The students at the end of this TU should have acquired knowledge of:
 wave optics (interferometry, beam diffraction)
 guidance in conventional optical fibers
 characteristics of LED and laser diodes
 characteristics of Gaussian beam
 characteristics of photo detectors
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to:
 analyze problems and perform and interpret calculations within the area of knowledge
 apply the experimental methods presented in the course
 write a wellstructured report in which experimental data are presented and analyzed
 search for and use relevant information within the area of knowledge
TU13  Embedded systems
TU Coordinator  Renaat De Craemer (Katholieke Hogeschool BruggeOostende)
Coordinator contact  renaat.decraemer@khbo.be
TU Objectives
The student will be able to design, by methodically approach, digitals systems using microcontrollers. By using Cprogramming, the student will be familiarized with the software development for microcontrollers and embedded systems.
TU Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of:
 the binary notation of numbers, on binary systems and on digital logic
 declaring variables and of the programming instructions: while, repeat until, for
TU ECTS credits: 6
TU Content:
 Introduction to Cprogramming  Part I
 datatypes, precision of datatypes (compiler, microprocessor)
 operators
 logical relational, arithmetic and bitwise
 selection statements
 application of the "Tool chain"
 illustrative examples
 Introduction to Cprogramming  Part II
 arrays
 enumerated types
 pointers
 structs, data structures (linked list, stack, queue)
 function pointers
 illustrative examples and practical sessions
 Introduction to microcontrollers
 architecture
 memory
 dedicated registers
 polling
 interrupts (setup, service routine, priorities)
 exercises
 polling
 interrupts
 interrupt priorities
 behavior of applications with interrupts
 Bus systems Part I
 introduction of buses for embedded systems
 some detail on I2C, SPI and "onewire"
 exploration of a sensor using a bus for embedded systems
 analogtodigital conversion, precision of the conversion, including interrupts
 Bus systems  Part II
 PS2
 setting up
 practical session
 UART, RS232
 microcontroller communication
 UART setup
 practical session on echo service
 (G)LCD interfacing
 theory on LCD setup
 practical session
 Project work: Combining the previous modules in a system
 reading data from a sensor
 storing a series of values
 visualization on an LCD
 sending data to a "receiver"
 data logging
 Practical works
 practical sessions on illustrative virtual examples
 practical sessions on the implementation of a bus interface
 practical sessions on reading sensor data
Acquired knowledge
The student will get the necessary knowledge on microcontrollers as a system of vital importance for the embedded design of numerous electrotechnical applications. This technical unit will develop the student's insight into the hardware and software aspects of microcontroller based systems.
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to:
 design, by methodically approach, digitals systems using microcontrollers
 use Cprogramming for the software development for microcontrollers and embedded systems
TU14  Enterprise foundation
TU Coordinator  Bechir Allouch (Virtual University of Tunis)
Coordinator contact  bechir.allouch@uvt.rnu.tn
TU Objectives
To introduce students to the concept of entrepreneurship, to the specificities of managing a small business and to the organizational aspects and managerial activities related to launching and managing a small business;
 to help students appreciate the purposes and audiences for business plans
 to help students understand the structure and content of a business plan, including the reasons for the structure and content
 to guide students in preparing a first draft of their own business plan
In this course students are also expected to interact with the business community, be able to work effectively in teams, and be active participants in discussions.
TU Prerequisites
None
TU ECTS credits: 3
TU Content:
 Introduction to entrepreneurship
 Business idea and business plan
 Business analysis and strategic planning
 Financial planning and the business model
 Business planning
 Practical works
 test for entrepreneurial profile of the student
 construction of a creative, realistic and effective business plan
Acquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students should:
 know the introductory concepts of entrepreneurship as well as the specificities of managing a small business
 have a general understanding of entrepreneurship as an economic activity and the role it plays as a catalyst of economic growth and social development
 know the personal traits and behaviors, and the organizational characteristics associated with successful entrepreneurship
 know the different organizational aspects and managerial activities related to launching and managing a small business
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to:
 prepare a comprehensive strategy for launching a new business
 construct a creative, realistic and effective business plans
UP121  Update in Optics 1
TU Coordinator  Raphael Jamier (University of Limoges)
Coordinator contact  raphael.jamier@xlim.fr
TU Objectives
This update aims to give all the prerequisites strongly recommended in order to follow the Technical Unit 12.
TU Prerequisites
Basic knowledge in optics
TU ECTS credits: none
TU Content:
 Geometrical optic
 optical rays
 refractive index
 optical path / Fermat principle
 SnellDescartes laws / total internal reflection
 thin optical lenses (Lensmaker's equation, Descartes law)
 optical mirror
Acquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students should know:
 the basic principles of geometrical optics (optical rays, refractive index, Fermat principle)
 the SnellDescartes laws
 thin optical lenses and mirrors
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to obtain missing prerequisites strongly recommended for the TU12
UP122  Update in Optics 2
TU Coordinator  Raphael Jamier (University of Limoges)
Coordinator contact  raphael.jamier@xlim.fr
TU Objectives
This update aims to go further in the optics' field. It is not mandatory for students to follow the Technical Unit 12.
TU Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of optics and electromagnetism
TU ECTS credits: none
TU Content:
 Reflexion/Refraction in isotropic medium
 continuity equations of electromagnetic fields across material boundary
 total internal reflection
 reflection / transmission coefficients for light intensity
 Optical components for signal routing
 single mode optical fiber / modal behavior / dispersion
 modulator, isolator, coupler, switch
Acquired knowledge
By the end of this TU students should know about:
 reflection / refraction phenomena in isotropic medium
 optical components for signal routing
Acquired skills
By the end of this TU students should be able to obtain missing prerequisites to go further into the TU12
UP041  Update in Electronics
TU Coordinator  Mohamed Ankrim (University Cadi Ayad of Marrakech)
Coordinator contact  ankrim@uca.ma
TU Objectives
The update aims to give all the prerequisites strongly recommended in order to follow all the other Technical Units.
TU Prerequisites
None
TU ECTS credits: none
TU Content:
 Two terminal and twoport circuits
 twoterminals circuits
 definitions
 generator
 receiver
 load line and bias point
 passive nonlinear two terminal
 static and dynamic circuit analysis
 equivalent circuit
 twoport circuit
 definitions
 twoport circuits matrices representing
 equivalent circuit
 characteristics
 Passive filters
 definition
 filters types
 bode plot and decibel
 method of study
 basic transfer function
 ideal integrator and ideal differentiator
 first order low passfilter and highpass filter
 Practical works
 a passive linear twoport
 determination of the parameters of the impedance matrix Z of a twoport circuit
 frequency study
